JASPERS, Karl


JASPERS, Karl
(1883-1973)
   German EXISTENTIALIST philosopher. Practiced in psychiatry and then moved via psychology to philosophy, finally accepting a professorship at Heidelberg in 1921. He was ousted from his post during the Nazi era but returned after the war. In Nietzsche and Christianity (1946), The Perennial Scope of Theology (1948), and Myth and Christianity (1954), Jaspers sees religious answers emerging from METAPHYSICAL descriptions of BEING. He rejects THEISM, PANTHEISM, REVEALED RELIGION, and ATHEISM as mere ciphers or symbols which should not be taken literally, and argues that one should look to PHENOMENOLOGICAL descriptions of the fringes of inward and outer experiences for understanding.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jaspers, Karl — Karl Jaspers Karl Jaspers, né à Oldenburg le 23 février 1883 et mort à Bâle le 26 février 1969, est un psychiatre et philosophe allemand représentatif de l existentialisme chrétien. Ses travaux ont eu une grande influence sur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jaspers, Karl — ▪ German philosopher Introduction in full  Karl Theodor Jaspers  born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger. died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz.  German philosopher, one of the most important Existentialists in Germany, who approached the subject from man… …   Universalium

  • Jaspers, Karl —    (1883–1969)    Jaspers was born in Oldenburg in northern Germany, studied law, qualified in medicine in 1908 at Heidelberg, then from 1908 to 1915 served as a part time assistant at the Heidelberg psychiatric clinic under Franz Nissl; he… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Jaspers, Karl — (1883–1969)    Philosopher.    Jaspers was educated at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. He stayed on at the university to teach until he was forced to resign by the Nazis. Although he was reinstated after the Second World War, he ended his… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Jaspers, Karl — (1883 1969)    philosopher; among the founders of existen tialism. Born in Oldenburg in East Frisia, he studied law before taking a medical doctorate in 1909 at Heidelberg; he then worked at Heidelberg s psychiatric hospital as a research… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Jaspers, Karl — (1883–1969) German existentialist theologian. Born in Oldenberg in Germany, Jaspers began his career as a medical student. From 1921 to 1937 he was professor of philosophy at Heidelberg, but was removed by the Nazis, and although reinstated in… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Jaspers, Karl — See Religion ( …   History of philosophy

  • Jaspers, Karl — ► (1883 1969) Filósofo alemán. Iniciador de la filosofía existencial alemana. Su primera obra importante, Psicopatología general (1913), ofreció una nueva clasificación de las enfermedades mentales. Su concepto de la existencia se basa en un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaspers, Karl (Theodor) — born Feb. 23, 1883, Oldenburg, Ger. died Feb. 26, 1969, Basel, Switz. German Swiss philosopher and psychiatrist. As a research psychiatrist, he helped establish psychopathology on a rigorous, scientifically descriptive basis, especially in his… …   Universalium

  • Jaspers, Karl Theodor — (1883 1969)    The most famous German existentialist after Heidegger, Jaspers, who started out in medicine before turning to philosophy, distanced himself from his illustrious predecessor. His magnum opus was the three volume Philosophy (1932),… …   Christian Philosophy


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