- although this RELIGION probably dates to at least the eighth century B.C. most Western scholars trace its founding to MAHVIRA in the sixth century B.C. A highly conservative movement, it stressed ASCETICISM and holds BELIEFS similar to those of BUDDHISM and HINDUISM which were its main rivals. The UNIVERSE is conceived as an everlasting succession of HEAVENS and HELLS to which all BEINGS are bound by KARMA and from which liberation is desirable through ascetic practice.
Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.
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Jainism — Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma / Shraman Dharma (जैन धर्म) is an ancient religion of India. Jains are a small but influential religious minority with at least 10 million followers in modern India, [ [http://www.censusindia.gov.in… … Wikipedia
Jainism — • A form of religion intermediate between Brahminism and Buddhism, originated in India in pre Christian times Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Jainism Jainism … Catholic encyclopedia
jainism — JAINÍSM s.n. Religie şi şcoală filozofică indiană, opusă brahmanismului şi sistemului de castă al acestuia, întemeiată în sec. VI a.cr. [pr.: ja i ] – Din fr. jaïnisme. Trimis de claudia, 02.02.2005. Sursa: DEX 98 jainísm s. n. (sil. ja i )… … Dicționar Român
Jainism — Jain ism, n. The heterodox Hindu religion, founded in the 6th century as a revolt against Hinduism; its most striking features are the exaltation of saints or holy mortals, called jins, above the ordinary Hindu gods, and the denial of a supreme… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Jainism — 1858, from JAIN (Cf. Jain) + ISM (Cf. ism). Jainist is attested from 1816 … Etymology dictionary
Jainism — ► NOUN ▪ an Indian religion founded in the 6th century BC, characterized by non violence and asceticism. DERIVATIVES Jainist noun … English terms dictionary
Jainism — [jīn′iz΄əm] n. a religion of India, founded in the 6th cent. B.C.: it emphasizes asceticism, nonviolence, and reverence for all living things … English World dictionary
Jainism — /juy niz euhm/, n. a dualistic religion founded in the 6th century B.C. as a revolt against current Hinduism and emphasizing the perfectibility of human nature and liberation of the soul, esp. through asceticism and nonviolence toward all living… … Universalium
Jainism — The name Jain derives from jina (victory); Jainism is thus the religion of the “victorious one” any human being who by his or her own effort has conquered the lower passions and thus become free of attachments to things. Most Jains believe… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Jainism — According to tradition, Mahavira, the founder of the Jain religion, was born in the state of Bihar in India in 599 BC. Jainism therefore has as great a claim to antiquity as Buddhism and there are similarities between the two religions.… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
Jainism — One of the three heterodox darshanas or branches of Hinduism. Jainism traces its origins to Vardhamana, a successor to twenty three previous ‘fordmakers’, or teachers who enabled the faithful to cross the stream leading to release from the cycle… … Philosophy dictionary