GREAT AWAKENING


GREAT AWAKENING
   a series of REVIVALS in the American colonies between 1725 and 1760. They reached a peak in 1726 but fresh conversions and excitement occurred in New England in 1734-1735 through the preaching of Jonathan EDWARDS. The English EVANGELIST George WHITEFIELD linked these regional awakenings into a "Great Awakening" through his itinerant preaching tours. The established Clergy soon criticized the revivalists' preaching and practices and Edwards became their vigorous defender. In his book Some Thoughts Concerning the Present Revival (1743), and later work A Treatise on Religious Affections (1746), he distinguishes between the beneficial and detrimental effects of revivals. New England defenders of the Great Awakening were known as the "New Lights" while those who opposed it were known as "Old Lights." The movement made a great contribution to education and led to the founding of Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, Rutgers, Brown, and Dartmouth Colleges. Equally important was the mood of tolerance that led to ECUMENICAL ventures among Clergy supporting the movement.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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  • Great Awakening — Camp Meeting, 2. Great Awakening, USA, 1839 Great Awakening (engl. für „Große Erweckung“) ist die Sammelbezeichnung für eine Reihe großer protestantischer Erweckungsbewegungen, die sich seit den 1730er Jahren in den britischen Kolonien in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Great Awakening — The Great Awakenings refer to several periods of rapid and dramatic religious revival in Anglo American religious history, generally recognized as beginning in the 1730s. They have also been described as periodic revolutions in U.S. religious… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Awakening — Grand réveil Le grand réveil aux États Unis (Great Awakening) correspond à une vague de réveils religieux aux États Unis qui ont secoué les églises au milieu du XVIIIe siècle. Le terme de Great Awakening est apparu vers 1842. Joseph Tracy l a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Great Awakening — the series of religious revivals among Protestants in the American colonies, esp. in New England, lasting from about 1725 to 1770. [1730 40, Amer.] * * * Religious revival in British North America from 1720 into the 1740s. It was part of a… …   Universalium

  • Great Awakening —    The term Great Awakening has been applied to two periods of enthusiastic religious revival: in the American colonies of the 1740s and on the frontier of the United States in the early decades of the 19th century. Both were periods of religious …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Great Awakening — the series of religious revivals among Protestants in the American colonies, esp. in New England, lasting from about 1725 to 1770. [1730 40, Amer.] * * * Great Awakening, a series of religious revivals among Protestants in the American Colonies,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Great Awakening, The —   [ȓə greɪt ə weɪkənɪȖ; englisch »die große Erweckung«], Erweckungsbewegung in den Staaten Neuenglands; um 1734 einsetzend, waren u. a. die protestantischen Theologen J. Edwards und Gilbert Tennent (* 1703, ✝ 1764) Hauptvertreter. Nach… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Great Awakening ou Grand Réveil aux Etats-Unis — Grand réveil Le grand réveil aux États Unis (Great Awakening) correspond à une vague de réveils religieux aux États Unis qui ont secoué les églises au milieu du XVIIIe siècle. Le terme de Great Awakening est apparu vers 1842. Joseph Tracy l a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • First Great Awakening — Great Awakening (engl. für „Große Erweckung“) ist die Sammelbezeichnung für eine Reihe großer protestantischer Erweckungsbewegungen, die sich seit den 1730er Jahren in den britischen Kolonien in Nordamerika bzw. den Vereinigten Staaten ereigneten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fourth Great Awakening — Great Awakening (engl. für „Große Erweckung“) ist die Sammelbezeichnung für eine Reihe großer protestantischer Erweckungsbewegungen, die sich seit den 1730er Jahren in den britischen Kolonien in Nordamerika bzw. den Vereinigten Staaten ereigneten …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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