FRIENDS, SOCIETY OF


FRIENDS, SOCIETY OF
   known as QUAKERS. Their BELIEFS may be traced to R. BARKLAY'S (1648-1690) book Theologiae Verae Christianae Apologia (1676) which argued that CHRISTIANS ought to be guided by an "inner light." The founder of the movement proper was George FOX (1624-1691) who experienced a profound religious conversion in 1647 followed by a VISION in 1652. His first CONVERTS were called "Friends in Truth" but quickly acquired the derogatory nickname "Quaker" because of the trembling which characterized their WORSHIP. Quakers emphasize simplicity of worship and direct guidance from GOD. Over the centuries the role of the BIBLE has tended to diminish in Quaker congregations although a small group has remained faithful to Biblical authority. The Quakers have produced some outstanding leaders and social reformers such as William PENN and Elizabeth FRY.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Friends — [frendz] adj. of or having to do with Friends, or Quakers * * * a popular US television comedy series (1994–2004) about six close friends in New York. The characters are Monica, Rachel, Phoebe, Chandler, Ross and Joey. The stories are about the… …   Universalium

  • society — societyless, adj. /seuh suy i tee/, n., pl. societies, adj. n. 1. an organized group of persons associated together for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes. 2. a body of individuals living as… …   Universalium

  • Friends General Conference — ▪ American religious organization in full  Religious Society of Friends (Friends, Society of) (General Conference)        continental association of several yearly and monthly meetings of Friends (Quakers (Quaker)) in the United States. It… …   Universalium


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