founder of the Franciscan Order and son of a wealthy textile merchant. In 1202, while taking part in a feud in a nearby city, he was imprisoned for over a year. This experience led him to reflect on life and make a PILGRIMAGE to Rome in 1205. After a VISION, he began to rebuild the CHURCH of SAINT DAMIAN near Assisi. His father, assisted by the local Bishop, attempted to forcibly restore him to a secular vocation but he persisted in his religious convictions whereupon his father disowned him. In 1209 he began preaching brotherly love, apostolic poverty and REPENTANCE. This led to the founding of his Order and his original Rule. In 1224 he retired to a HERMITAGE to spend the remainder of his life in PRAYER. During this time he composed his Canticle to the Sun and is alleged to have borne the STIGMATA. He was CANONIZED two years after his death.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Francis of Assisi — (c. 1181–1226)    Saint, Mystic, Poet and Order Founder.    Francis was the son of a wealthy cloth merchant of Assisi, Italy. After a period in his father’s business and as a soldier, he turned away from his old life. In obedience to an inner… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Francis of Assisi — noun (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian and the Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars (1181 1226) • Syn: ↑Saint Francis of Assisi, ↑St. Francis of Assisi, ↑Saint Francis, ↑St. Francis, ↑Giovanni di Bernardone • …   Useful english dictionary

  • Francis of Assisi — Francis of As|si|si, St (1182 1226) an Italian Christian leader who started the Franciscan ↑order (=a group of religious men who live and pray together) . He is famous for his love of nature, and is often shown in pictures surrounded by birds and …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Francis of Assisi — biographical name Saint 1181(or 1182) 1226 Francesco di Pietro di Bernardone Italian friar; founder of Franciscan order …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Francis of Assisi — Saint (Giovanni Francesco Bernardone), 1182? 1226, Italian friar: founder of the Franciscan order. * * * …   Universalium

  • Francis of Assisi, St. —   (1182–1226) Born Giovanni Francesco Bernardone; founder of Franciscan order of monks …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Francis of Assisi — Fran′cis of Assi′si n. big Saint (Giovanni Francesco Bernardone),1182?–1226, Italian friar: founder of the Franciscan order …   From formal English to slang

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