- originally a term used to speak about the persecution borne by the early followers of MUHAMMAD. In time it came to be applied to sedition or conspiracy against an ISLAMIC State and eventually hostility to ISLAM.
Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.
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fitnah — I (Arabic; trial or test ) In the Islamic tradition, trials or temptations that test the unity of the Muslim community. The term may be used to describe insurrection or civil warfare or, more specifically, to define a tribunal over doctrinal… … Universalium
fitnah — noun a) (historically) antagonism towards early Muslims b) any threat to the health of an Islamic state … Wiktionary
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Islāmic world — Introduction prehistory and history of the Islamic community. Adherence to Islām is a global phenomenon: Muslims predominate in some 30 to 40 countries, from the Atlantic to the Pacific and along a belt that stretches across northern… … Universalium
Fitan — (arabe : فتن) est un mot arabe se référant aux troubles, agitations, révoltes, séditions, discorde. Définition Fitan est un mot arabe mis en pluriel. Son singulier est Fitna. Ce mot est couramment utilisé dans l eschatologie musulmane … Wikipédia en Français
Fitna (word) — Fitna (فتنة) is an Arabic word, generally regarded as very difficult to translate but at the same time is considered to be an all encompassing word referring to schism, secession, upheaval and anarchy at once. It is often used to refer to civil… … Wikipedia
Ayyub (crater) — EncelGeo Crater name=Ayyub picture= Ayyub (center) as seen by the Cassini spacecraft on February 17, 2005 location=38.5°N, 291.8°W diameter=16.0 km depth= discoverer= Cassini naming=Ayyub; Damascus merchantAyyub is an impact crater in the… … Wikipedia
Rashīdūn — (Arabic; Rightly Guided ) First four caliphs of the Islamic community: Abū Bakr, Umar ibn al Khattāb, Uthmān ibn Affān, and Alī. As Islam s first rulers after Muhammad, they assumed all his duties except prophecy: they led the congregation in… … Universalium
Ṣiffīn, Battle of — ▪ Islamic history (May–July 657), series of negotiations and skirmishes during the first Muslim civil war (fitnah; (fitnah) 656–661), ending in the arbitration of Adhruḥ (February 658–January 659), which undermined the authority of Alīʿ as… … Universalium
Nakhla raid — Raid on Meccan Caravans, Nakhla Date December, 623 , 2 AH Location Nakhla Result Successful raid … Wikipedia