DIALECTIC


DIALECTIC
   a form of reasoning originally used by PLATO in his early dialogues as conversation. In medieval THEOLOGY the dialectical method took the form of stating an opinion using an established authority, then a different opinion was given from another authority before a final solution was proposed to reconcile the two contradictory opinions. In modern PHILOSOPHY the term is associated with the LOGIC of HEGEL. He argued that the very nature of REASON leads us to posit a THESIS which generates its ANTITHESIS, or opposite. This process, in turn, leads to a synthesis or reconciling of the two theses. Karl MARX claimed to see the laws of Hegelian dialectics at work in HISTORY and the economic affairs of humans. This led him to develop his materialist interpretation of history. Religiously the term was used by Soren KIERKEGAARD who saw the dialectic as two apparent opposites with profound EXISTENTIAL significance. Kierkegaard's ideas, in turn, influenced NEO-ORTHODOX theologians in the twentieth century.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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  • Dialectic — • Greek dialektike (techne or methodos), the dialectic art or method, from dialegomai I converse, discuss, dispute; as noun also dialectics; as adjective, dialectical Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dialectic     Dialectic …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • dialectic — DIALÉCTIC, Ă, dialectici, ce, s.f., adj. 1. s.f. Teorie generală a principiilor devenirii realităţii, a dezvoltării naturii, societăţii şi gândirii; teorie şi metodă generală de cunoaştere a realităţii şi de transformare revoluţionară a acesteia …   Dicționar Român

  • Dialectic — Di a*lec tic, n. Same as {Dialectics}. [1913 Webster] Plato placed his dialectic above all sciences. Liddell & Scott …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dialectic — UK US /ˌdaɪəˈlektɪk/ adjective [before noun] ► MANAGEMENT, MEETINGS using questions and answers as a method of examining something or of finding a solution to a problem: »Conflict and disagreement are a necessary part of a dialectic approach …   Financial and business terms

  • dialectic — [adj] logical, rational analytic, argumentative, controversial, dialectical, persuasive, polemical, rationalistic; concept 529 Ant. illogical, irrational dialectic [n] logic, reasoning argumentation, contention, debate, deduction, discussion,… …   New thesaurus

  • dialectic — Philosophy ► NOUN (also dialectics) (usu. treated as sing. ) 1) the investigation of the truth of opinions, especially by logical discussion. 2) enquiry into metaphysical contradictions and their solutions. 3) the existence or action of opposing… …   English terms dictionary

  • dialectic — [dī΄ə lek′tik] n. [ME dialetik < OFr dialetique < L dialectica (ars) < Gr dialektikē (technē), the dialectic (art) < dialektikos: see DIALECT] 1. [often pl.] the art or practice of examining opinions or ideas logically, often by the… …   English World dictionary

  • Dialectic — Di a*lec tic, Dialectical Di a*lec tic*al, a. [L. dialecticus, Gr. ?: cf. F. dialectique. See {Dialect}.] 1. Pertaining to dialectics; logical; argumental. [1913 Webster] 2. Pertaining to a dialect or to dialects. Earle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dialectic — I noun applied logic, apprehension, argumentation, brainwork, cerebration, chain of reasoning, cogitation, concluding, consideration, contemplation, deducing, deduction, deliberation, deriving, discursive reasoning, drawing conclusions, force of… …   Law dictionary

  • dialectic — dialectic, dialectical materialism See Engels , FRIEDRICH; Gurvitch, Georges; Hegel , G. W. F.; historical materialism ; Marx , Karl; materialism …   Dictionary of sociology

  • dialectic — (n.) 1580s, earlier dialatik (late 14c.), from O.Fr. dialectique (12c.), from L. dialectica, from Gk. dialektike (techne) (art of) philosophical discussion or discourse, fem. of dialektikos of conversation, discourse, from dialektos discourse,… …   Etymology dictionary


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