those books of the BIBLE which are accepted as authoritative by a given religious TRADITION. ROMAN CATHOLICS include several books, known as the APOCRYPHA, which are not accepted as authoritative by PROTESTANTS who generally restrict the CANON to 33 books of the OLD TESTAMENT and 27 books of the NEW TESTAMENT. JEWS usually distinguish between the first five books of MOSES, the TORAH, and the other books of the HEBREW BIBLE which are seen as of secondary importance making a further division between the PROPHETS and the remaining books. In ISLAM the QUR'N is by definition CANONICAL leaving arguments about authenticity to questions about the ADTH. BUDDHISM recognizes several Canons based on the language of the text such as the PALI CANON but in general has a very flexible attitude towards such issues as does HINDUISM where again there is a vast religious literature.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • canon of Scripture —    The canon of Scripture is the official list of the books of the Bible that are regarded as sacred, because they are inspired; the list of books accepted by Catholic and Orthodox Churches includes some books and parts of books that many… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • canon of Scripture —  Канон Священного Писания …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Canon —    A Greek word meaning rule, and in the usage of the Church has various applications, as follows:    1. THE CANON OF SCRIPTURE means those books of Scripture which the Church has received or accepted as inspired, and therefore declares them to… …   American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Canon — A Greek word meaning a straight rod or bar. In Christian language it was adopted to denote the following: 1. Canon of Scripture the list of genuine and inspired books of the Bible. 2. The church canons, such as liturgical rules, especially that… …   Dictionary of church terms

  • Scripture — • Sacred Scripture is one of the several names denoting the inspired writings which make up the Old and New Testament Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Scripture     Scripture    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Canon of the New Testament — • The idea of a complete and clear cut canon of the New Testament existing from the beginning, that is from Apostolic times, has no foundation in history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canon of the New Testament      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Canon of the Old Testament — • Signifies the authoritative list or closed number of the writings composed under Divine inspiration, and destined for the well being of the Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canon of the Old Testament      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Canon of the Mass — • Article divided into four sections: (I) Name and place of the Canon; (II) History of the Canon; (III) The text and rubrics of the Canon; (IV) Mystical interpretations Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canon of the Mass      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Canon law — is the body of laws regulations made or adopted by ecclesiastical authority, for the government of the Christian organization and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law governing the Catholic Church (both Latin Rite and Eastern… …   Wikipedia

  • canon law — canon lawyer. the body of codified ecclesiastical law, esp. of the Roman Catholic Church as promulgated in ecclesiastical councils and by the pope. [1300 50; ME] * * * Body of laws established within Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy,… …   Universalium

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