CALENDAR


CALENDAR
   most traditional religions follow a LITURGICAL calendar. In ISLAM a lunar calendar is still used to set the dates and times for important feasts and fasting such as RAMADAM; in CHRISTIANITY the calendar is fixed. There are differences in usage between Western and Eastern Churches resulting in different dates for CHRISTMAS and EASTER. The purpose of a religious calendar is to instill in the minds of people the great events of a RELIGION by the repetition of religious acts and ceremonies spread throughout the year. Thus in Christianity there is ADVENT, or the time preceding the BIRTH of JESUS when the prophecies of the HEBREW BIBLE are remembered, followed by CHRISTMAS which celebrates the birth of CHRIST and lead on to LENT when His temptations and earthly life is remembered leading up to EASTER when the death and RESURRECTION of JESUS is meditated on. Finally there is PENTECOST--or WHITSUN--when the ASCENSION and heavenly reign of CHRIST comes into play. Liturgical Churches have various SAINTS days added to commemorate the life and death of outstanding CHRISTIANS.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CALENDAR — (Heb. לוּחַ, lu aḥ). The present Jewish calendar is lunisolar, the months being reckoned according to the moon and the years according to the sun. A month is the period of time between one conjunction of the moon with the sun and the next. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • calendar — CALENDÁR, calendare, s.n. 1. Sistem de împărţire a timpului în ani, luni şi zile, bazat pe fenomenele periodice ale naturii. 2. Indicator sistematic (în formă de carte, agendă sau tablou) al succesiunii lunilor şi zilelor unui an. ♢ expr. A face… …   Dicționar Român

  • calendar — cal·en·dar 1 n 1: a list of cases ready to be heard on a procedural action the motion calendar; specif: a list of cases ready for trial – called also list; compare docket ◇ Generally it is up to the party that wants to go to trial to have a case… …   Law dictionary

  • Calendar — Cal en*dar, n. [OE. kalender, calender, fr. L. kalendarium an interest or account book (cf. F. calendrier, OF. calendier) fr. L. calendue, kalendae, calends. See {Calends}.] 1. An orderly arrangement of the division of time, adapted to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • calendar — [kal′ən dər] n. [ME calender < L kalendarium, account book < kalendae, CALENDS] 1. a system of determining the beginning, length, and divisions of a year and for arranging the year into days, weeks, and months 2. a table, chart, register,… …   English World dictionary

  • Calendar — Cal en*dar, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Calendared}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Calendaring}.] To enter or write in a calendar; to register. Waterhouse. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Calendar — Données clés Réalisation Atom Egoyan Scénario Atom Egoyan Acteurs principaux Atom Egoyan Arsinée Khanjian Ashot Adamian Pays d’origine Canada, Allemagne, Arménie Sortie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • calendar — calendar. (De calenda). tr. p. us. Poner en las escrituras, cartas u otros instrumentos la fecha o data del día, mes y año …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • calendar — c.1200, system of division of the year; mid 14c. as table showing divisions of the year; from O.Fr. calendier list, register, from L. calendarium account book, from calendae/kalendae calends the first day of the Roman month when debts fell due… …   Etymology dictionary

  • calendar — meaning a list of days and months, is spelt this way. Calender (with er) is a press for paper or cloth, and colander is a strainer …   Modern English usage

  • calendar — [n] schedule of events agenda, almanac, annal, bulletin, card, chronology, daybook, diary, docket, journal, lineup, list, log, logbook, menology, pipeline, program, record, register, sked, system of reckoning, tab, table, time, timetable;… …   New thesaurus


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