BUDDHIST SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT


BUDDHIST SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT
   the first major division in the SAGHA is traditionally connected with the Council of Vail approximately 100 years after death of the BUDDHA (383 BC). Disagreement arose concerning degree of strictness with which monastic discipline was to be observed. The dissenting body henceforth became known as the Mahsaghikas--the Great Sagha Party--since they claimed a greater following for their more LIBERAL interpretation of the rules. The Sthaviras (Elders) were the stricter more CONSERVATIVE group which subsequently divided into eighteen different schools, among the more important of which were the THERAVDINS. The Mahsaghikas also divided into numerous separate schools, the most important being the Lokottaravdins, Prajñaptivdins and the Caitiyas. The MAHYNA developed out of the Mahsaghikas tradition although its origins are obscure. The two principal Mahyna schools in India were the MDHYAMIKA and the YOGCRAS. In China and Japan, Mahyna developed into a number of schools notably the T'ien-t'ai or TENDAI, CH'AN or ZEN, Chên-yen or SHINGON, the PURE LAND, and the NICHIREN.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anarchist schools of thought — Part of the Politics series on Anarchism …   Wikipedia

  • Early Buddhist schools — The Early Buddhist schools are those schools into which, according to most scholars, the Buddhist monastic Sangha initially split, due originally to differences in Vinaya, and later also due to doctrinal differences and geographical separateness… …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhist philosophy — Part of a series on Buddhism Outline · Portal History Timeline · Councils …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhist texts — Chinese Song Period Maha prajna paramita Sutra Page, Nantoyōsō Collection, Japan Buddhist texts can be categorized in a number of ways. The Western terms scripture and canonical are applied to Buddhism in inconsistent ways by Western scholars:… …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhist meditation — Part of a series on Buddhism Outline · Portal History Timeline · Councils …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhist prayer beads — Juzu Buddhist prayer beads are a traditional tool used to count the number of times a mantra is recited whilst meditating. They are similar to other forms of prayer beads used in various world religions; thus some call this tool the Buddhist… …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhist chant — A Buddhist chant is a form of musical verse or incantation, in some ways analogous to Hindu or Christian religious recitations. They exist in just about every part of the Buddhist world, from the Wats in Thailand to the Tibetan Buddhist temples… …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhist meditation —       the practice of mental concentration leading ultimately through a succession of stages to the final goal of spiritual freedom, nirvana. Meditation occupies a central place in Buddhism and combines, in its highest stages, the discipline of… …   Universalium

  • Gandhāran Buddhist Texts — The Gandhāran Buddhist Texts are the oldest Buddhist manuscripts yet discovered, dating from about the first century CEcite web|url=http://www.washington.edu/uwpress/search/books/SALANC.html|title=UW Press: Ancient Buddhist Scrolls from… …   Wikipedia

  • Third Buddhist council — The Third Buddhist council was convened in about 250 BCE at Asokarama in Patiliputta, supposedly under the patronage of Emperor Asoka. The reason for convening the Third Buddhist Council is reported to have been to rid the Sangha of corruption… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.