BAPTISM


BAPTISM
   RITUAL immersion or sprinkling with water symbolic of REPENTANCE and NEW BIRTH. It developed in JUDAISM prior to the time of JESUS and became a central practice in the work of JOHN THE BAPTIST and became the CHRISTIAN RITUAL of INITIATION. Within CHRISTIANITY strong DOCTRINAL disputes exist as to both the mode and appropriate subjects of baptism. Until the REFORMATION most Christian groups baptized entire families including children. Sectarian groups, later to be known as BAPTISTS, objected to this practice claiming that BELIEF was a necessary prerequisite for baptism. Defenders of infant baptism argue either that the act itself mystically REGENERATES the individual, or that the practice is justified in terms of GOD'S COVENANT with the CHURCH. Advocates of infant baptism usually accept sprinkling as an acceptable mode of baptism on the grounds that this was common in JUDAISM. Baptists usually insist on adult baptism by total immersion.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baptism — • One of the Seven Sacraments of the Christian Church; frequently called the first sacrament , the door of the sacraments , and the door of the Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Baptism     Baptism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • baptism — BAPTÍSM s.n. Doctrină şi sectă creştină protestantă care consideră că botezul trebuie să fie acordat numai adulţilor creştini ce se căiesc de păcatul originar. – Din fr. baptisme. Trimis de paula, 17.03.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  baptísm s. n. Trimis… …   Dicționar Român

  • Baptism — Baptism: Baptism  альбом словенской индастриал группы «Laibach» Baptism  альбом Ленни Кравица См. такде Баптизм …   Википедия

  • baptism — c.1300, bapteme, from O.Fr. batesme, bapteme (11c., Mod.Fr. baptême), from L. baptismus, from Gk. baptismos, noun of action from baptizein (see BAPTIZE (Cf. baptize)). The s restored in later 14c. Figurative sense is from late 14c. The Anglo… …   Etymology dictionary

  • baptism — ► NOUN ▪ the Christian rite of sprinkling a person with water or immersing them in it, symbolizing purification and admission to the Christian Church. ● baptism of fire Cf. ↑baptism of fire DERIVATIVES baptismal adjective. ORIGIN from Greek… …   English terms dictionary

  • baptism — [bap′tiz΄əm] n. [ME & OFr baptesme < LL(Ec) baptisma, Christian baptism < L, a dipping under < Gr < baptizein: see BAPTIZE] 1. a baptizing or being baptized; specif., the ceremony or sacrament of admitting a person into Christianity… …   English World dictionary

  • Baptism — Bap tism, n. [OE. baptim, baptem, OF. baptesme, batisme, F. bapt[^e]me, L. baptisma, fr. Gr. ba ptisma, fr. bapti zein to baptize, fr. ba ptein to dip in water, akin to baqy s deep, Skr. g[=a]h to dip, bathe, v. i.] The act of baptizing; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • baptism — index call (title) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • baptism — [n] church rite; initiation ablution, baptismal, christening, debut, dedication, dunking, immersion, introduction, launching, lustration, purgation, purge, purification, rite of passage, ritual, sanctification, sprinkling; concepts 367,377 …   New thesaurus

  • Baptism — This article is about the Christian religious ceremony. For other uses, see Baptism (disambiguation). Baptism of Neophytes by Masaccio, 15th century, Brancacci Chapel, Florence.[ …   Wikipedia

  • baptism —    At the time of the Reformation, the sacraments, those ceremonial acts that dramatized biblical events even as they served as a sign of God s presence, became a key issue between Roman Catholics and Protestants and among Protestants themselves …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.