WYCLIFFE, John


WYCLIFFE, John
(1330-1384)
   English precursor to the PROTESTANT REFORMATION who was Master of Balliol College, Oxford. His writings defended civil government from religious interference and attacked the PAPACY, by promoting a return to BIBLICAL CHRISTIANITY, especially through his attack on TRANSUBSTANTIATION. He encouraged the first translation of the BIBLE into English thus helping to create the LOLLARD movement. His works were destroyed on the orders of the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH and only survived in Czechoslovakia where they influenced HUSS. It is also possible that his writings had an indirect influence on LUTHER.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wycliffe, John — (Wyclif) (ca. 1330–1384)    John Wycliffe was an English theologian, Oxford master, and religious reformer, who challenged papal control of the English church, condemned clerical greed and immorality, and defied the power of the medieval church… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Wycliffe, John — (с 1330–1384) British theologian, philosopher, and church reformer. He earned a doctor of divinity degree from Oxford in 1372. Named by Edward III to a deputation to discuss English differences with the papacy, he represented the government in… …   Universalium

  • Wycliffe, John — (c. 1330 1384)    pre Reformation English church reformer    John Wycliffe (or Wyclif) was born in Hipswell, near Richmond, Yorkshire, England. As a young man, he attended Balliol College at oxford, and he remained in that city for the rest of… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Wycliffe, John — (c. 1330–84)    Theologian and Polemicist.    Wycliffe was probably born in Yorkshire and he was educated at the University of Oxford. He was a highly influential figure in the university and became an advisor to John of Gaunt, the Regent of… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Wycliffe,John — Wyc·liffe also Wick·liffe or Wyc·lif or Wic·lif (wĭkʹlĭf), John. 1328? 1384. English theologian and religious reformer. His rejection of the biblical basis of papal power and dispute with the doctrine of the transubstantiation of the host… …   Universalium

  • Wycliffe, John — VER Wicleff, John * * * ( 1330–1384). Teólogo, filósofo y reformador británico. En 1372 recibió un doctorado en divinidad de Oxford. Nombrado por Eduardo III como integrante de una delegación para analizar las diferencias inglesas con el papado,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • WYCLIFFE, JOHN —    See WICLIFFE, JOHN …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Wyclif (or Wycliffe), John —  (c. 1320–1384) English religious reformer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Wycliffe — Wycliffe, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Wycliffe — John Wickliffe redirects here. For the ship, see John Wickliffe (ship). John Wycliffe Full name John Wycliffe Born c. 1328 Ipreswell, England Died 31 December 1384 …   Wikipedia


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