literally "to sit near" or "near sitting." The term can mean secret; a MYSTICAL doctrine or teaching; or, most commonly, a collection of texts which since the eighth century B.C. have been known as "the last of the VEDAS." The content and doctrine of the Upanishads vary considerably from treaties which promote ATHEISM to devotional THEISM thus representing a wide spectrum of philosophical schools and outlooks. The thirteen classical Upanishads were composed between the eighth and fourth centuries B.C. but many later works also use the name some of which are dated as late as the fifteenth century.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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  • Upanishad — designa a cada uno de los más de 200 libros sagrados hinduistas escritos en idioma sánscrito entre los siglos VII y principios del siglo XX. Este término se escribe उपनिषद् en el abugida (o alfasilabario) devanagari. Contenido 1 Significado,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Upanishad — (spr. schad), Name ind. Traktate, die die ältesten philos. Spekulationen der Inder enthalten. – Vgl. Deussen (1899), der auch sechzig U. übersetzte (2. Aufl. 1905) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • upanishad — ou upanisad (mot sanskrit qui étymologiquement signifie destruction [de l ignorance] ou approche [de la vérité]) texte sacré du brahmanisme. La tradition reconnaît 118 upanishads comme authentiques et les intègre aux Veda. Les plus anc., au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Upanishad — class of treatises in Skt. literature, 1805, from Skt. upa nishad, lit. a sitting down beside, from upa near to (see UP (Cf. up)) + ni shad to sit or lie down …   Etymology dictionary

  • Upanishad — [o͞o pan′i shad΄, o͞o pä′nə shäd΄; yo͞opan′i shad΄, yo͞opän′nə shäd΄] n. any of a group of late Vedic metaphysical treatises (Upanishads) dealing with humanity in relation to the universe …   English World dictionary

  • Upanishad — Les Upanishad ou Upaniṣad[1] (devanāgarī: उपनिषद्, du sanskrit upa, déplacement physique, ni, mouvement vers le bas et shad, s asseoir, soit littéralement « venir s asseoir respectueusement au pied du maître pour écouter son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Upanishad — The Upanishads (Devanagari: उपनिषद्, IAST: IAST|upaniṣad, also spelled Upanisad ) are Hindu scriptures that constitute the core teachings of Vedanta. [cite book | last = Brodd | first = Jefferey | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = World… …   Wikipedia

  • Upanishad — Schriften des Hinduismus Shruti Veda Rigveda Samaveda Yajurveda Atharvaveda Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishaden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Upanishad — Los Upanishad (उपनिषद्, upaṇiṣad) son libros sagrados del hinduismo, compuestos hacia el siglo VI adC. Frente a la religión oficial expresada en los Vedas, los Upanishad presentan una nueva cultura, ligada al mundo de los artesanos y comerciantes …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Upanishad — Upanishadic, adj. /ooh pan i shad , ooh pah ni shahd /, n. Hinduism. any of a class of speculative prose treatises composed between the 8th and 6th centuries B.C. and first written A.D. c1300: they represent a philosophical development beyond the …   Universalium

  • upanishad — (entrée créée par le supplément) (u pa ni chad ) s. f. Terme de théologie brahmanique. •   Nom de commentaires religieux et philosophiques, que les brahmanes considèrent comme faisant partie de la révélation, F. BAUDRY Journal des Débats, 8… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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