after the failure of BUDDHISM in India during the twelfth century, Tibetan Monks became the main inheritors of the Indian BUDDHIST TRADITION preserving many ancient documents and practices which were rejected by THERAVDN Buddhism in the South. From Tibet, Buddhism spread to China, Korea and Japan where the MAHYNA TRADITION flourished to produce PURE LAND, ZEN and a host of other Schools. In Tibet itself a THEOCRATIC government was established and TANTRA flourished. Tibetan Buddhism spread to the West in the 1950s following the Chinese Communist invasion of Tibet.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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