SYLLOGISM


SYLLOGISM
   the TRADITIONAL term used in DEDUCTIVE LOGIC for an argument with a specific structure that includes two PROPOSITIONS and a conclusion. On the basis of its formal structure a syllogism may be judged logically VALID. If the propositions are also true in terms of their correspondence to REALITY, then the syllogism is deemed sound. An example of a valid syllogism would be
   All pigs have wings; All winged things fly; therefore pigs fly. This would be valid but is clearly untrue and therefore unsound. A sound syllogism would be one such as the classic example
   All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore Socrates is mortal.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Syllogism — Syl lo*gism, n. [OE. silogisme, OF. silogime, sillogisme, F. syllogisme, L. syllogismus, Gr. syllogismo s a reckoning all together, a reasoning, syllogism, fr. syllogi zesqai to reckon all together, to bring at once before the mind, to infer,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • syllogism — late 14c., from O.Fr. silogisme a syllogism, from L. syllogismus, from Gk. syllogismos a syllogism, originally inference, conclusion, computation, calculation, from syllogizesthai bring together, premise, conclude, lit. think together, from syn… …   Etymology dictionary

  • syllogism — index corollary Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • syllogism — ► NOUN ▪ a form of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn from two given or assumed propositions (premises); a common or middle term is present in the two premises but not in the conclusion, which may be invalid (e.g. all dogs are animals; all… …   English terms dictionary

  • syllogism — [sil′ə jiz΄əm] n. [ME silogisme < MFr < L syllogismus < Gr syllogismos, a reckoning together < syllogizesthai, to reckon together, sum up < syn , together + logizesthai, to reason < logos, word: see LOGIC] 1. an argument or form …   English World dictionary

  • Syllogism — A syllogism (Greek: συλλογισμός – syllogismos – conclusion, inference ) is a kind of logical argument in which one proposition (the conclusion) is inferred from two or more others (the premises) of a certain form. In antiquity, there were… …   Wikipedia

  • syllogism — A syllogism (properly, a categorical syllogism) is the inference of one proposition from two premises. An example is: all horses have tails; all things with tails are four legged; so all horses are four legged. Each premise has one term in common …   Philosophy dictionary

  • syllogism — /sil euh jiz euhm/, n. 1. Logic. an argument the conclusion of which is supported by two premises, of which one (major premise) contains the term (major term) that is the predicate of the conclusion, and the other (minor premise) contains the… …   Universalium

  • syllogism — /ˈsɪlədʒɪzəm / (say siluhjizuhm) noun 1. Logic an argument with two premises and a conclusion. Both the premises of a categorical syllogism are categorical propositions, containing just three distinct terms between them, e.g. all men are mortal… …   Australian English dictionary

  • syllogism — UK [ˈsɪləˌdʒɪz(ə)m] / US [ˈsɪləˌdʒɪzəm] noun [countable] Word forms syllogism : singular syllogism plural syllogisms a statement that consists of three facts, the third of which is proved by the first two …   English dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.