SPINOZA, Baruch (or Benedict)


SPINOZA, Baruch (or Benedict)
(1632-1677)
   Dutch materialist philosopher who was EXCOMMUNICATED for his free thought by the JEWISH community of Amsterdam. He believed that mastery over NATURE and the perfection of man was the purpose of knowledge. And considered DEMOCRATIC government the highest FORM of power. His work stimulated the development of modern ATHEISM and BIBLICAL CRITICISM. His works include Tractatus Theologicopoliticus (1670), and Ethica (1677).

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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  • SPINOZA, BARUCH (Bento, Benedictus) DE — (1632–1677), philosopher born in Amsterdam of Portuguese background, who became one of the most important representatives of the rationalist movement in the early modern period. Introduction In the Jewish and National Library in Jerusalem,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Spinoza,Baruch — Spi·no·za (spĭ nōʹzə), Baruch or Benedict 1632 1677. Dutch philosopher and theologian whose controversial pantheistic doctrine advocated an intellectual love of God. His best known work is Ethics (1677). * * * …   Universalium

  • Spinoza, Baruch (Benedict) De — (1632–77)    Dutch philosopher. Only the bare facts are known of the life of one of the greatest philosophers and intel lects of all time, for he deliberately omitted his personality from his work. His father and grandfather were Marranos who… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Spinoza, Baruch / Benedict — (1632 77)    Together with Descartes and Leibniz, Spinoza was one of the great rationalists of the early modern period. A grinder of lenses by profession, he was ethnically Jewish, but was expelled from his synagogue in Amsterdam for heresy (he… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Spinoza — Spinoza, Baruch oder Benedict, einer der bedeutendsten u. einflußreichsten Philosophen der neuern Zeit, geb. am 24. Novbr. 1632 zu Amsterdam, der Sohn einer aus Portugal eingewanderten Judenfamilie, war von Geburt schwächlich aber äußerst… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Baruch de Spinoza — Baruch Spinoza (um 1665) Baruch de Spinoza, hebräisch: ברוך שפינוזה‎, portugiesisch: Bento de Espinosa, latinisiert: Benedictus de Spinoza (* 24. November 1632 in Amsterdam; † 21. Februar 1677 in Den Haag), war ein nieder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baruch Spinoza — Baruch (de) Spinoza Baruch de Spinoza, hebräisch ברוך שפינוזה, portugiesisch Bento de Espinosa, latinisiert: Benedictus de Spinoza (* 24. November 1632 in Amsterdam; † 21. Februar 1677 in Den Haag) war ein niederländischer Philosoph mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spinoza — Baruch (de) Spinoza Baruch de Spinoza, hebräisch ברוך שפינוזה, portugiesisch Bento de Espinosa, latinisiert: Benedictus de Spinoza (* 24. November 1632 in Amsterdam; † 21. Februar 1677 in Den Haag) war ein niederländischer Philosoph mi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baruch Spinoza — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 17th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE| image size = 200px image caption = name = Baruch de Spinoza birth = November 24, 1632 (Amsterdam, Netherlands) death = February 21, 1677 (The Hague,… …   Wikipedia

  • Spinoza, Benedictus de — (1632–1677) Dutch Jewish rationalist. Baruch or Benedict de Spinoza was born in Amsterdam into a distinguished Jewish family, exiled from Spain and living in the relative religious freedom of the Netherlands. He attended the Jewish school, and… …   Philosophy dictionary


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