a small PROTESTANT GROUP known as the SOCIETY OF FRIENDS which arose in the seventeenth century as a result of the preaching of George FOX. They emphasized the leading of the HOLY SPIRIT, or INNER LIGHT, rejected the SACRAMENTS, insisted on "plain speech," simple dress and repudiated all FORMS of art including music. There are two possible origins of the name
   the first is derived from Fox's call to Justice Bennet in 1650 that he should "quake" before the WORD OF GOD; the second meaning comes from some members of the group who shook or quaked during services. Strongly pacifist, the Quakers have been very active in SOCIAL REFORM and education.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Quakers — • Quakers, an Anglo American religious sect Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Quakers —    The Friends (or Quakers) movement represented the most radical wing of Puritanism, the 17th century attempt to purify the Church of England. Founder George Fox (1624 1691) began to preach in 1647 after experiencing an inner illumination. Fox… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • QUAKERS — Quaker ou Qouacre, ou Primitif, ou Membre de la primitive église chrétienne, ou Pensylvanien, ou Philadelphien.     De tous ces titres, celui que j aime le mieux est celui de Philadelphien, ami des frères. Il y a bien des sortes de vanités; mais… …   Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire

  • Quakers — noun a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660; commonly called Quakers • Syn: ↑Religious Society of Friends, ↑Society of Friends • Hypernyms: ↑sect, ↑religious sect, ↑religious order • Member Meronyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Quakers — noun The …   Wiktionary

  • Quakers —    See Friends, society of …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • QUAKERS —    the SOCIETY OF FRIENDS (q.v.), so called first by Justice Bennet of Derby, because Fox bade him quake before the Lord …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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