the "Great Tradition." One of the TRADITIONAL schools of BUDDHISM. The origins of Mahyna are difficult to determine but lie somewhere between the first century B.C. and the first century A.D. As a religious system it has a universalist emphasis which gives a greater role to Lay-men than its main rival HNAYNA and, in doing so, the importance of COMPASSION is emphasized alongside WISDOM.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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  • BUDDHIST SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT —    the first major division in the SAGHA is traditionally connected with the Council of Vail approximately 100 years after death of the BUDDHA (383 BC). Disagreement arose concerning degree of strictness with which monastic discipline was to be… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • MDHYAMIKA —    a school of MAHYNA BUDDHISM founded by NGRJUNA the central BELIEF of which is the negation of all empirical CONCEPTS. The school greatly influenced the development of various other Mahyna schools of PHILOSOPHY including the YOGCRA and the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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  • ADI-BUDDHA —    a term used in MAHYNA BUDDHISM, especially in Nepal and Tibet, to designate the primordial BUDDHA. The idea distinguishes secondary FORMS of the Buddha s manifestations on earth from the essential CONCEPT of Buddhahood itself …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • AGAMA —    one of the three collections of MAHYNA BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES found in the TRIPIAKA …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • BALA —    BUDDHIST term for power. In the PALI CANON there are five powers referred to as    1) faith    2) energy    3) mindfulness    4) concentration    5) wisdom.    Other powers are mentioned singularly, such as shame, or as members of groups. In… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • BODHISATTVA —    SANSKRIT term used in BUDDHISM for one who aspires to BODHI or Buddhahood. In the MAHYNA TRADITION the idea is developed to replace the term RHANT as the Buddhist ideal and the Bodhisattva becomes a SAVIOR figure who forgoes ENLIGHTENMENT to… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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