(550-420 B.C.?)
   the founder of historical JAINISM and a reformer of the ancient Jain religious TRADITION. His name means "the Great Hero." Leaving home around the age of 30, he became an ascetic who attained LIBERATION after 13 years austerity. Following his ENLIGHTENMENT, he organized the Jain RELIGION. His death came about through RITUAL SUICIDE involving starvation.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

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  • ARAHANT —    a PALI term for a person who reaches the final stage of SPIRITUAL progress. The word literally means the worthy and was applied to the BUDDHA by his contemporaries. Previously it had been used of the founder of JAINISM, MAHVRA, but later it… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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