KANT, Immanuel


KANT, Immanuel
(1724-1804)
   one of the most important philosophers of all time. Born in Königsberg, East Prussia, he spent most of his life in scholarly study. Awakened from what he called his "dogmatic slumber" by the works of HUME, he began to seek a philosophical basis for knowledge which avoided complete SKEPTICISM. The first exposition of his work came in The Critique of Pure Reason (1781), which was followed by works applying his ideas to METAPHYSICS, ETHICS, aesthetics, RELIGION and philosophy. He argued that our knowledge of things is conditioned by mental structures or "categories" that order our experience. As a result we cannot know "things-in-themselves, "the NOUMENA," but only the PHENOMENA which results from the interaction between our minds and what is observed. Kant argued that we can neither prove nor disprove the existence of GOD with the result that religion must be based on FAITH. In his view RELIGION becomes practical morality.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KANT, IMMANUEL° — (1724–1804), German philosopher. Born in Koenigsberg, East Prussia, Kant studied at the university in that city, where in 1755 he began to teach as a Privatdozent. In 1770 he was appointed to the chair of logic and metaphysics. His major work,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kant,Immanuel — Kant (kănt, känt), Immanuel. 1724 1804. German philosopher whose synthesis of rationalism and empiricism, in which he argued that reason is the means by which the phenomena of experience are translated into understanding, marks the beginning of… …   Universalium

  • Kant, Immanuel — Kant, Immanuel, einer der größten Philosophen der neuern Zeit, wurde in Königsberg 1724 geb., studirte daselbst und war seit 1770 Professor der Logik und Metaphysik. Im Gegensatz des idealistischen Dogmatismus Plato s, Descartes, Spinoza s und… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Kant, Immanuel — born April 22, 1724, Königsberg, Prussia died Feb. 12, 1804, Königsberg German philosopher, one of the foremost thinkers of the Enlightenment. The son of a saddler, he studied at the university in Königsberg and taught there as privatdocent… …   Universalium

  • Kant, Immanuel — (1724 1804)    by Alison Ross   Immanuel Kant s critical philosophy marks a turning point in modern thought. Kant distinguishes the critical inquiry he conducts into reason from the fanaticism that afflicts the dogmatic philosophy of his… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Kant, Immanuel — (1724 1804)    by Alison Ross   Immanuel Kant s critical philosophy marks a turning point in modern thought. Kant distinguishes the critical inquiry he conducts into reason from the fanaticism that afflicts the dogmatic philosophy of his… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Kant, Immanuel — (1724 1804) One of the greatest, if not the greatest, of all modern philosophers, the German Immanuel Kant has had a profound and lasting influence both in philosophy itself, and across the full range of intellectual disciplines, including of… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Kant, Immanuel — (1724–1804) German philosopher and founder of critical philosophy. The son of a saddler, Kant was born and educated in Königsberg (Kaliningrad) in East Prussia. After leaving the university he spent a number of years in private tutoring, but… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Kant, Immanuel — (1724 1804)    The founder of critical philosophy and one of the greatest philosophers of modern times, Kant began as a conventional pre critical philosopher building on the work of Leibniz and his main interpreter Christian Wolff. His monumental …   Christian Philosophy

  • Kant, Immanuel — (1724–1804)    Philosopher.    Kant was born in Königsberg, Germany; he was educated at Königsberg University and he spent most of his career as Professor of Logic there. Despite this circumscribed existence, his in fluence on the philosophy of… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Kant, Immanuel — (22 abr. 1724, Königsberg, Prusia–12 feb. 1804, Königsberg). Filósofo alemán, uno de los más destacados pensadores de la Ilustración. Hijo de un talabartero, estudió en la Universidad en Königsberg, donde enseñó como docente asociado (1755–70) y… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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