the name given in 1540 to the SOCIETY OF JESUS a brotherhood founded six years earlier by Ignatius LOYOLA. During the period 1540-1555 it grew rapidly, acquiring an autocratic structure provided by Loyola's military training and discipline which he promoted in his Spiritual Exercises (1548). They established MISSIONS, orphanages, houses for reclaiming prostitutes, schools, centers of poor relief, and even a system of banking for destitute peasants. Francis XAVIER is perhaps the most famous Jesuit missionary. By the time of Loyola's death in 1556, the Society was one thousand strong with its influence being felt more acutely among the aristocracy than the poor. Through the establishment of Colleges in university settings, the Society became a teaching Order and a leader in CATHOLIC higher education. The Jesuits strongly supported the POPE at the COUNCIL of TRENT and found themselves spearheading the intellectual attack on the REFORMATION by becoming the foremost Roman Catholic APOLOGISTS. Today they are still a powerful force in education and run numerous universities including the Gregorian University in Rome.

Concise dictionary of Religion. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jesuits —     The Society of Jesus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Society of Jesus     (Company of Jesus, Jesuits)     See also DISTINGUISHED JESUITS …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • JESUITS — (or Society of Jesus), Roman Catholic religious order established in 1534. Its founder, the Spaniard Ignatius of Loyola, in his youth had been on pilgrimage to Jerusalem and was mainly responsible for the establishment of the house of catechumens …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • jesuits' — ; Jesuits ; …   English syllables

  • Jesuits — (Society of Jesus)    The order was founded in 1534 by a Spanish soldier turned cleric, Ignatius Loyola (1491–1556), who vowed to devote his life to bringing those won over to the Protestant Reformation back into the Catholic fold. Accepted as an …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Jesuits — Jes·u·it || dÊ’ezjʊɪt n. member of a Roman Catholic religious order called the Society of Jesus that was founded by Saint Ignatius of Loyola in 1534; cunning person, deceptive person adj. of or pertaining to the Jesuits (Roman Catholic… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Jesuits —    The first missionaries of the order, Lalemant, Masse, and Brébeuf, arrived in Canada in 1625. Work among the Algonquians began that year; and among the Hurons in 1626. The mission to the Iroquois dates from 1642. With the Iroquois mission are… …   The makers of Canada

  • JESUITS —    or SOCIETY OF JESUS    the religious order founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534, and approved of by bull of Paul III. in 1540, for the conversion of heretics and the propagation of the Roman Catholic faith, and reputed, however self denying at… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jesuits —    Members of the Society of Jesus founded by ignatius loyola in the sixteenth century …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Jesuits —  / Society of Jesus  Иезуиты …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Jesuits —    This term designates members of the Society of Jesus, a religious community of priests and brothers, which was founded by Saint Ignatius of Loyola (1491 1556) …   Glossary of theological terms

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.